How to Securely Erase Data from Your Mac and External Drives

Your Mac, and any external drives you use, may contain important personal data. Your Mac’s drive is full of sensitive data: all your emails, contacts, private documents, and more. If you use an external drive for, say, your music and video libraries, then this isn’t the case, but if you use an external drive for backups, there there’s lots of sensitive data on it.

Whenever you dispose of a Mac, or an external drive, you should securely erase it to ensure that no one can harvest data from it.

In this article, I’ll explain how to securely erase all sorts of drives: hard drives, flash drives, and SSDs.

Read the rest of the article on The Mac Security Blog.

Intego Mac Podcast, Episode #180: 10 Mac security and privacy features to set up right away

We discuss our checklist of the 10 security and privacy features that you should set up right away on your new Mac.

Subscribe to The Intego Mac Podcast, which I co-host with Josh Long. We talk about Macs and iOS devices, and how to keep them secure.

Fujifilm X-E 4: The Camera Designed for Prime Lenses


I received my new Fujifilm X-E4 a couple of days ago, together with the new XF 27mm f2.8 R WR Lens. This is an ideal pairing: the slight pancake lens matches the small size of the camera, offering an acceptable focal length while ensuring that the entire package remains small enough to slip into a pocket. (“Acceptable” in the sense that it’s a focal length that can be used for a wide range of photo types.)

This new camera can be seen as an interchangeable lens version of Fujifilm’s popular X100 series. In fact, the X100F was my favorite camera ever, but I eventually sold it because the 23mm focal length was too limiting. (Yes, there are two converters available to increase or decrease the focal length, but they add bulk and weight to the camera, and the telephoto converter looks comical.)

At the time, I thought I’d be happy with a 35mm version of the X100 (that’s a 50mm full-frame equivalent), but now, with the X-E 4, I can put any Fujifilm lens I want on the camera, and still have it about the same size as the X100F.

The choice of the 27mm as the “kit” lens bundled with this camera is interesting: the company is highlighting the small size of the package. The only other Fujifilm lens that comes close in size is the 18mm pancake lens; that’s not a focal length for everyone, and releasing an updated version of the 27mm lens (with an aperture ring; finally) helps make this pairing almost ideal.

Of course, that lens isn’t for everyone, so you can use other lenses, though they’ll slightly unbalance the camera. When you get the X-E4 in your hands, with the 27mm lens, you understand the design behind this pairing; adding a different lens feels, well, different. Not wrong, but it doesn’t feel like it belongs in the same way.

This said, the lenses colloquially called the “Fujicrons” are also usable on this camera, if you are willing to give up the pocketability and balance of the camera. These are the following:

Fujicron lenses

  • The XF 16mm F2.8 R WR is the shortest of the four lenses, but this wide angle is not ideal for everyday use, for most people
  • The XF 23mm F2 R WR is an easier lens to use, especially in urban environments. This 35mm eq. focal length is a good compromise between a normal viewing angle and a wide angle.
  • The XF 35mm F2 R WR is the 50mm eq. focal length; the “nifty fifty” that is close to what we see. It’s about the same length as the 16mm lens, and feels comfortable on the camera.
  • The XF 50mm F2 R WR is the longest of these four lenses, and definitely unbalances the camera. However, it’s an excellent lens that’s great for portraits or landscapes.

Xe4 35
With the X-E4 is that, for most uses, a zoom lens will be too large and heavy to handle comfortably. You could, of course, use any lens on this camera if you use it on a tripod, but I suspect most people buy a small camera like this to carry it around with them. One possibility, however, would be to use the XC 15-45mm F 3.5-5.6 OIS PZ lens. Fujifilm created this lens for its less expensive cameras, and, because much of it is made of plastic, weighs only 135g. (For comparison, the 35mm F2 lets weighs 170g; the X-E4 itself weighs about 360g, with battery and memory card.) At around $300, it’s an inexpensive way to get a compact zoom lens for this camera, but the 3.5 – 5.6 aperture means that it requires more light than other lenses. The other “kit” zoom lens – the XF 18-55mm F2.8-4 R LM OIS – weighs about 310g, and is quite long, compared to the X-E4 body.

So why am I going on about this? Because the X-E4 feels more like a camera designed for prime lenses. The small body may have fewer buttons and dials than, say, the X-T4, but it’s got the same sensor and processor, so is essentially the same camera inside (at least for photos). You won’t want to shoot wildlife with long lenses, or portraits with fast (and heavy) lenses, but you’ll buy this camera as a versatile device to use in most everyday situations. With the 27mm lens, you’ve get a really compact package, at a focal length that works for many types of subjects, and if you want a couple of the Fujicron lenses to give you more possibilities, they won’t necessarily make the camera unwieldy.

You may want to use a zoom lens when you’re going to be shooting in settings where you want both wide angle and telephoto shots, but if you have time, and a small bag to carry a few of these Fujicron lenses, you’ll have lots of opportunities, with relatively fast lenses (F2 or 2.8). Together, the X-E4, the 27mm kit lens, and the four Fujicrons weigh just 1,260g. As a comparison, the XF 16-80mm F4 weighs almost 500g, and the XF 18-55mm F2.8-4 weighs 310g.

Personally, I can see using this camera with the the 27mm kit lens, the 16mm F2.8, and the 50mm F2 lenses. That covers both extremes in the Fujicron line, with the most compact lens in the middle. The differences between 23mm/27mm and 27mm/35mm aren’t that large, so three lenses would offer a versatile kit. Yes, it takes time to change lenses, but it will be a lot more comfortable and easier to handle than the X-E4 with a zoom lens.

As for the rest, if you already have a Fujifilm X-series camera, you know what you’re getting; just with, as I said above, fewer buttons and dials. And you’ll get used to that.

PhotoActive Podcast, Episode 88: That Was the Year that Was

How has the past pandemic year affected or changed your photography? Kirk and Jeff discuss not just cancelled trips and lost opportunities, but also the process of getting back into the habit of photography as we hopefully head toward a vaccinated, post-Covid reality.

Find out more, and subscribe to the podcast, at the PhotoActive website. You can follow The PhotoActive on Twitter at @PhotoActiveCast to keep up to date with new episodes, and join our Facebook group to chat with other listeners and participate in photo challenges and more.

How to Remove Wi-Fi Networks from Your Mac and iOS Device

If you travel regularly with your Mac or iOS device, you likely find yourself connecting to new Wi-Fi networks: at airports, in train stations, in hotels, restaurants, pubs, or at clients’ offices. Whether you connect to these networks with your Mac, iPhone, or iPad, miraculously, your devices will remember these networks and sync them via iCloud — so your other Apple products can access them too, if you use iCloud Keychain.

Your Apple device’s ability to remember previously connected to networks can be both good and bad. While it means you don’t have to search for or remember login credentials when you connect to a known Wi-Fi network on a different device, it can lead to a surfeit of Wi-Fi networks stored in your keychain and potentially allow you to unknowingly connect to a Wi-Fi network that might not be secure. You can cull these Wi-Fi networks, but you can only really clean them out on a Mac.

In this article, I’ll show you how to remove these Wi-Fi networks so your Macs and iOS devices forget them.

Read the rest of the article on The Mac Security Blog.

Intego Mac Podcast, Episode #179: Google, iOS Security Updates, and the End of the Original HomePod

Google is sued for its incognito browsing mode. iOS security updates may be delivered more frequently. We look at how easy it is to take over someone’s SMS messages. And we discuss the demise of the original HomePod.

Subscribe to The Intego Mac Podcast, which I co-host with Josh Long. We talk about Macs and iOS devices, and how to keep them secure.

The Next Track, Episode #205 – Iconic Album Covers

In our first multimedia podcast episode, we look at iconic album covers. Depending on your podcast player, you may be able to see the albums we discuss as the podcast progresses. If not, the album covers are shown below.

Help support The Next Track by making regular donations via Patreon. We’re ad-free and self-sustaining so your support is what keeps us going. Thanks!

Support The Next Track.

Find out more at The Next Track website, or follow The Next Track on Twitter at @NextTrackCast.

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12 Ways to Open Files on a Mac

You open files every time you work on your Mac, most often, probably, by double-clicking them. But did you know that there are lots of different ways to open files? You can use your mouse, your trackpad, or even your keyboard. You can open files in windows, from menus, and from dialogs. Here are a dozen ways you can open files on a Mac.

Read the rest of the article on The Mac Security Blog.

Opinion: Apple Discontinues the HomePod; Is That the End for Apple and Home Audio?

Apple has announced that the company is discontinuing the original HomePod, and, for now, it is only available as long as stocks last. At the same time, the HomePod mini will still be sold, and Apple told TechCrunch:

HomePod mini has been a hit since its debut last fall, offering customers amazing sound, an intelligent assistant, and smart home control all for just $99. We are focusing our efforts on HomePod mini. […] Apple will provide HomePod customers with software updates and service and support through Apple Care.

It’s undeniable that the original HomePod was too expensive, and its audio wasn’t ideal for everyone. In my review of the HomePod, I said that “when the HomePod sounds good, it’s great, but it doesn’t always sound good.” This is because it works well with certain types of music – mostly bass-heavy pop and hip-hop – but doesn’t offer any EQ settings. And when you set up a stereo pair, which sounds much better than twice a HomePod, you don’t even have settings to adjust the left-right balance between them.

Apple sold the original HomePod as a device offering superior sound, but the HomePod mini is totally different: it is a smart speaker that highlights the smarts, not the speaker. As a Siri device, it’s small and unobtrusive, and as a music device, it’s good enough for most people.

Read the rest of the article on The Mac Security Blog.